Surrogacy is a method of using a woman’s uterus to implant and carry an embryo so as to deliver a baby for a couple or individual. A Surrogate mother is a woman who carries the embryo. The surrogate mother is engaged to undergo pregnancy, labor, and delivery for a woman who either cannot conceive despite repeated IVF failure or with the absence of uterus, systemic and metabolic problems.
Surrogacy is performed in two main types such as traditional surrogacy and gestational surrogacy.
In this type, the surrogate acts as both the egg donor and the surrogate for the embryo. She is impregnated using an ART called intrauterine insemination (IUI). In IUI, the sperm is taken from the biological father and subsequently transferred into the uterus of the surrogate to make the fertilization naturally.
Hence, with the traditional surrogacy, the surrogate becomes the biological mother of the child. This type of surrogacy is used only when the biological mother’s ovum and/or father’s sperm are unable to be used.
In Gestational Surrogacy, mother’s ovum and father’s sperm is fertilized in IVF method, and it is implanted in the surrogate’s uterus. She carries the baby till birth. She does not have any genetic relationship with the child as the egg is used from the biological mother. Other options for Gestational surrogacy are
1. Using a donated egg fertilized with biological father’s sperm
2. Developing an embryo with donor egg and sperm.
True / Commercial Surrogacy is when the gestational carrier does not have a financial gain for carrying and delivering the child. Only the medical cost, travel cost, etc will be given by the intended parents. Either a traditional or a gestational surrogate can become an altruistic surrogacy.
Surrogacy is apt for a woman who has any serious medical condition or dangers in conception and delivery. The following medical conditions make the necessity of surrogacy
- Malformation or absence of the uterus
- Repeated IVF failures
- Severe metabolic syndromes that prohibit pregnancy
- Recurrent pregnancy loss
Genesis Fertility and Research Center affords all infertility treatments. The hospital is being one of the best infertility hospitals in Tamilnadu. Many infertile couples come here and go with a baby and it has been the best surrogacy center in Tamilnadu given life to many childless couples.
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