The dad of all infertility treatments, Artificial Insemination is in use from the late 18th century onwards. Those days the procedure was done with healthy sperm. But, the modern process involves "washed" sperms and careful placing of them in the uterus, using a procedure called intrauterine insemination, or IUI.
The goal of IUI is to increase the number of sperm that reach the Fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chance of fertilization. It is a less invasive and less expensive option compared to In Vitro Fertilization. This is performed with partner’s sperm or donor sperm (known as donor insemination).
The most common reason for IUI are:
- Decreased sperm mobility or a low sperm count
- Trouble conceiving naturally (fertility issue)
- For pregnancy without a male partner (donor sperm)
- Disease or disorder making pregnancy chances more complicated
- Ejaculation dysfunction treatment
- To clear out the cervical mucus problems
IUI treatment procedure starts with an ovulation-stimulating medication. It is for inducing an ovulation in the women. The treatment is then done after detecting a surge in the Luteinising Hormone in the woman. The quality of the sperm extracted from the male partner is examined and the best are directly transferred into the woman’s uterus. For this, a catheter is used. This done for improving fertilization.
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