Gestational diabetes (GD) is when a pregnant woman that previously was not diabetic becomes diabetic. It generally only lasts during pregnancy. It is also known by the term glucose intolerance of pregnancy. GD is like type 2 diabetes in that the body becomes resistant to insulin.
Spotting Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes can be tricky to diagnose based on symptoms alone. Some women whose insulin and blood sugar levels are severely out of balance report having no pregnancy concerns at all. Other women with perfectly normal insulin function report typical diabetic symptoms of extreme thirst and frequent urination.
Most commonly observed indicators of gestational diabetes include:
- Repetitive vaginal infections
- Weight gain
- Larger than average fetus/baby
- Extreme thirst
- Frequent urination
Treatment of Gestational Diabetes
The aim of treating the disease is to keep the blood sugar levels within a normal range. This will be determined by your doctor after a test to confirm that you have diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes Menu Plan
This will be worked out with your doctor or ,more likely, a dietitian. A gestational diabetes diet will factor in your size, age and stage of pregnancy when creating a meal plan for you. In principle, the foodstuffs used will be split into :
* Vegetables and fruits,
* Meat or meat substitutes (protein),
* Milk and diary products,
* Sweets, candy and oils (fats)
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